Juhan Parts was a Prime Minister of Estonia from 2003 to 2005 when Estonia joined EU and NATO. He served as a Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications from 2007 to 2014 covering areas like construction and housing sector, energy sector, information society, transport, tourism, foreign trade, FDI, economic development etc. Juhan Parts is a vice-chairman of Estonian centre-right and conservative political party Pro Patria and Res Publica Union. Currently he serves as a Member of Estonian Parliament. He graduated Tartu University as a lawyer.